A publication of AAEA

A publication of AAEA
Economic Consequences of Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza

Economic Consequences of Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza

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Theme Overview: Economic Consequences of Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza

Amy D. Hagerman and Thomas L. Marsh

Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza impacted 211 commercial poultry farms and 21 backyard poultry farms in 2014-2015. As in any significant economic event such as HPAI, necessary adjustments were made to mitigate losses and costs, lessons were learned, and new questions are in need of answers.

Local Economies and Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza

Kamina K. Johnson, Riley M. Seeger, and Thomas L. Marsh

The 2014-2015 highly pathogenic avian influenza outbreak altered some local economies with producers incurring response activity costs and other local businesses realizing benefits. Lessons learned can be used to reduce the harmful effects of future disease outbreaks. Potential mitigation strategies include preventative investments, risk-based instruments, and resource allocation planning.

Proactive Risk Assessments to Improve Business Continuity

Jada M. Thompson and Dustin L. Pendell

Proactive risk assessments help with disease outbreak preparation and planning to reduce the time between disease discovery and a permitting process for movement of products on and off farm. To ensure business continuity among poultry producers, more than 7,800 permits were issued during the 2014-2015 HPAI outbreak in United States.

The Impact of Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza on Table Egg Prices

Wei Huang, Amy D. Hagerman, and David A. Bessler

The 2015 HPAI outbreak pushed U.S. egg prices to historic highs. Egg-price relationships among four U.S. regions changed significantly in April 2015. Even before HPAI, the Midwest was a source of national egg-price information; the Southeast emerged as another source after HPAI. Ignoring interregional relationships could bias price forecasts following the HPAI.

Regionalization of the 2014 and 2015 Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza Outbreaks

Ann Hillberg Seitzinger and Philip L. Paarlberg

Regionalization of Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza could reduce economic welfare losses. The outcome of regionalization depends on supply and demand relationships in the infected region and movement of negligible risk final products out of infected regions. Regionalization requires improved state level data and alters response strategy alternatives to the outbreak.

Government Spending to Control Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza

Robert C. Johansson, Warren P. Preston, and Ann Hillberg Seitzinger

What is an appropriate federal response to highly pathogenic avian influenza? Epidemiological modeling coupled with economic modeling has been used to inform policy and program evaluation and planning. In most cases, the benefit of avoided economic losses to domestic producers outweighs U.S. taxpayer costs.