Amy D. Hagerman and Thomas L. Marsh
Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza impacted 211 commercial poultry farms and 21 backyard poultry farms in 2014-2015. As in any significant economic event such as HPAI, necessary adjustments were made to mitigate losses and costs, lessons were learned, and new questions are in need of answers.
Kamina K. Johnson, Riley M. Seeger, and Thomas L. Marsh
The 2014-2015 highly pathogenic avian influenza outbreak altered some local economies with producers incurring response activity costs and other local businesses realizing benefits. Lessons learned can be used to reduce the harmful effects of future disease outbreaks. Potential mitigation strategies include preventative investments, risk-based instruments, and resource allocation planning.
Jada M. Thompson and Dustin L. Pendell
Proactive risk assessments help with disease outbreak preparation and planning to reduce the time between disease discovery and a permitting process for movement of products on and off farm. To ensure business continuity among poultry producers, more than 7,800 permits were issued during the 2014-2015 HPAI outbreak in United States.
Wei Huang, Amy D. Hagerman, and David A. Bessler
The 2015 HPAI outbreak pushed U.S. egg prices to historic highs. Egg-price relationships among four U.S. regions changed significantly in April 2015. Even before HPAI, the Midwest was a source of national egg-price information; the Southeast emerged as another source after HPAI. Ignoring interregional relationships could bias price forecasts following the HPAI.
Ann Hillberg Seitzinger and Philip L. Paarlberg
Regionalization of Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza could reduce economic welfare losses. The outcome of regionalization depends on supply and demand relationships in the infected region and movement of negligible risk final products out of infected regions. Regionalization requires improved state level data and alters response strategy alternatives to the outbreak.
Robert C. Johansson, Warren P. Preston, and Ann Hillberg Seitzinger
What is an appropriate federal response to highly pathogenic avian influenza? Epidemiological modeling coupled with economic modeling has been used to inform policy and program evaluation and planning. In most cases, the benefit of avoided economic losses to domestic producers outweighs U.S. taxpayer costs.