A publication of AAEA

A publication of AAEA
Agriculture and Environmental Policy

Agriculture and Environmental Policy

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C-FARE 2023 Brandt Forum Theme: Agriculture and Environmental Policy

Gal Hochman

The author thanks the National Institute of Food and Agriculture (NIFA) for funding the workshop leading to this Thematic Special Issue of Choices. The author also thanks the Agricultural and Applied Economics Association (AAEA), USDA’s Economic Research Service (ERS), and USDA National Agricultural Statistics Service Information (NASS) for their financial support.

Policy Durability: Taxes versus Standards

Gal Hochman and David Zilberman

The desire of incumbent governments to establish irreversible outcomes given political uncertainty leads them to set facts on the ground. The government promotes the early adoption of technologies, thus establishing policy durability. Political uncertainty also offers a plausible explanation for policy overtime ratcheting up.

Understanding Supply Chains Is Crucial for Good Agricultural Policy

David Zilberman, Joseph Cooper, Gal Hochman, Thomas Reardon, and Sadie Shoemaker

To adapt to a rapidly changing reality, economic analyses should analyze the behavior of innovation supply chains and product supply chains that implement innovations. Agricultural policy should recognize the behavior of these supply chains, invest in research and development, provide incentives for creating supply chains for green technology, and wisely control the concentration of market power.

Uncovering the Impacts of Steel Tariffs on the Canned Foods Sector: Reevaluating Trade Policy Winners and Losers

Andrew Muhammad and Carlos J.O. Trejo-Pech

This article explores how steel tariffs impacted the U.S. canned food sector. Evidence suggests that the impacts have not been negligible. However, more research is needed for a more quantitative assessment of their impacts and implications.

Optimal Design of Climate-Smart Policy for Agriculture: Economic Principles and Political Considerations

JunJie Wu

This article discusses alternative designs of agri-environmental programs and climate-smart policy for encouraging farmers to adopt conservation practices or engage in climate-smart activities. It summarizes the economic, environmental, and distributional impacts of the alternative designs and their political economy implications. The article also discusses the challenges of designing a truly efficient conservation program and suggests ways to overcome those challenges.

Agricultural Soils and the Quest for Net Zero Emissions

Chengcheng J. Fei and Bruce A. McCarl

Soil carbon sequestration is one of the agricultural mitigation approaches that the United States will use in an effort to mitigate climate change. In this paper, we review the importance of soil carbon sequestration, physical characteristics, and the associated influences on the value of sequestered carbon while drawing some policy implications.