A publication of AAEA

A publication of AAEA
Preserving Water Quality: Challenges and Opportunities in Policy Innovation

Preserving Water Quality: Challenges and Opportunities in Policy Innovation

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(Theme Overview) Preserving Water Quality: Challenges and Opportunities for Technological and Policy Innovations

Madhu Khanna and James Shortle

This special issue examines the political and institutional factors that have governed the design of conservation programs in the US, the design flaws that limit the effectiveness of these programs and the role that emerging technologies can play in leading to science-based conservation policy design.

Nexus between Food, Energy and Ecosystem Services in the Mississippi River Basin: Policy Implications and Challenges

Madhu Khanna

Emerging nutrient management and perennial crop technologies have the potential to reduce the environmental impact of agricultural production. We discuss challenges for designing cost-effective conservation policy and directions for future research, including the role of information technologies, site-specific management and systems analysis to inform science-based conservation policy design.

CBO Baseline and the Potential for Conflicts by Expanding CRP

Jonathan Coppess

The congressional budgeting process creates challenges for reauthorizing and revising mandatory programs. The potential for conflict arises as interests seek to increase any program; conservation programs in the farm bill are no exception. Adding acres to the Conservation Reserve Program has the potential to create such a conflict.

Policy Reforms Needed for Better Water Quality and Lower Pollution Control Costs

James Shortle

Agriculture is a leading cause of water quality problems. The existing policy architecture relies excessively on voluntary controls, focuses on effort rather than outcomes, and allocates scarce resources inefficiently across places and sectors. Policy reforms can improve water quality and reduce the social costs of water pollution control.

Conservation Programs Can Accomplish More with Less by Improving Cost-Effectiveness

Marc O. Ribaudo

Cost-effective conservation programs provide the most environmental benefit for a given budget. Designing cost-effective programs that rely on voluntary participation can be challenging. A number of design features could improve the economic performance of current conservation programs.